What is arthritis?


What is arthritis?

Many bones in the body, including the wrist and hand, are protected by the cartilage. Cartilage can be damaged over time. As a result, a person can experience a condition known as osteoarthritis. Another name for this type of arthritis is arthritis “wear and tear”.

Arthritis, also known as arthritis, is a condition of inflammation (inflammation) in one or several joints, Arthritis erodes joint cartilage, which is the cushioning material between bones. This can cause inflammation and irritation of the synovial layer, which produces synovial fluid which helps protect and lubricate joints.

Symptoms that sufferers feel are usually in the form of swelling, redness, pain or a warm sensation in the joint. Arthritis can also cause joints to become stiff and difficult to move. The pain can get worse every time you use your hands a lot for everyday life. For example, typing on a computer keyboard or gripping equipment in the kitchen can cause discomfort. You might also lose strength in your hands.

The risk of people experiencing inflammation of the joints as they age. Other things that affect sex, obesity, and family health history can also influence a person’s condition.

Symptoms of arthritis

Symptoms of arthritis are:
1. Limited joint movement.
2. The muscles around the joints shrink and their strength decreases.
3. The skin on the joint turns red and warm.
4. Fever
5. Pain and stiffness in the joints.

If you experience this immediately consult a doctor, so that the arthritis that is suffered immediately treated and cured

Types of Arthritis

There are several types of arthritis, including:
1. Arthritis due to degenerative arthritis Osteoarthritis is the type most often experienced. This condition occurs when the bone rubs directly against another bone that causes pain, and impedes movement, this is because the joint cartilage is thinning and generally affects people aged 50 years and over. Osteoarthritis can attack parts of the body including: knees, spine, hands and hips.
2. Arthritis due to an inflammatory reaction (inflammatory arthritis).
The immune system generally protects the body from all diseases, the immune system can also be wrong and attack the joints resulting in an uncontrolled inflammatory reaction (autoimmune reaction). This can cause erosion in the joints that can attack other organs. Some examples of inflammatory arthritis include:
• Rheumatoid arthritis. This condition is mostly experienced by women compared to men aged 40-50 years. Rheumatoid occurs when the synovial membrane (the lining of the joints) experiences cramping and inflammation due to an attack on our immune system. If this is not handled seriously and correctly, it can cause damage to cartilage and other organs.
• Enteropathic Arthritis. It is a complicating disease of ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s Disease that is experienced in the joints of the spine and legs.
• Psoriatic arthritis is an arthritis that appears in psoriasis sufferers.
• Reactive arthritis / reiter syndrome. This disease is associated with infections in the digestive tract due to dysentery / typhus and genital and urinary tract infections. Reactive arthritis arises from the body’s response to infections that cause joint joints.

3. Arthritis due to metabolic disorders (metabolic arthritis). Gout is a metabolic disorder. This gout attacks on the big toe, because of the accumulation of uric acid crystals in the joint. The joints affected by gout can swell and redden.

4. Arthritis due to infection (infectious arthritis). This inflammation attacks people who have weak immune systems, such as cancer and diabetes.

Diagnosis of arthritis

To ascertain the condition of known symptoms, it is better to consult a doctor through a physical examination, namely by observing the patient’s complaints and seeing the symptoms of swelling and the patient’s ability to move the joint. If the examination is suspected of having arthritis, then it is examined further through blood tests, urine in the laboratory, joint fluids, to confirm the diagnosis.

Treatment of Arthritis Treatment of arthritis can be given through medication and through natural ingredients that can be obtained around us.

For the treatment given by a doctor depending on the level and type of severity experienced by the patient. In addition to alleviating pain, this treatment also functions to improve the joint function of the patient. The drugs include: nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs (eg profen or diclofenac mothers), ointments or creams containing capsaicin or menthol, analgesics (paracetamol or tramadol) according to the dosage and rules recommended by the doctor.

In addition to drugs there are also natural ingredients that are used to relieve pain due to joint inflammation. According to Dr. Fiocco said there are 9 natural treatments that can be used to treat psoriatic arthritis, including:

1. Fish oil
“Fish oil can slightly reduce the protein involved in inflammation,” said Eric L. Matteson, MD, chair of rheumatology at the Mayo Clinic, in Rochester, Minn., Who recommends people with psoriatic arthritis to consume 2,000-3,000 mg per day, if needed. Dr. Dr. Fiocco noted that the Eskimo population had a lower incidence of arthritis and psoriatic rheumatism when compared with other groups. Genetics may play a role, but it can also be linked to diets high in eicosapentaenoic acid or fish oil. A diet high in eicosapentaenoic acid or fish oil might help treat psoriatic arthritis.

2. Acupuncture
Acupuncture has succeeded in alleviating almost all forms of arthritis, including psoriatic arthritis. “Acupuncture does not directly help psoriatic arthritis treatment. However, some people say that acupuncture can reduce pain caused by arthritis. “The best results have been reported regarding the effects of acupuncture for inflammation of the knee joint,” said Dr. Matteson.

3. Turmeric
“Turmeric can relieve the symptoms of Psoriatic arthritis. This is because turmeric has an effect on reducing certain inflammatory proteins. Some psoriatic arthritis patients may get positive effects of turmeric, but the effect is very mild and difficult to measure, “Dr. Matteson. Some people do try turmeric with the aim of alleviating the symptoms of psoriatic arthritis that they experience, but generally do not realize the effect.

4. Willow bark
Willow bark is sometimes referred to as ‘herbal aspirin’. Willow bark contains salicin, which is a chemical similar to aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid). A study in 2001 found that willow bark extract was equivalent to a dose of 240 mg salicin a day. The study was conducted in the placebo group and a group of patients with osteoarthritis, which consisted of 78 people.

5. Vitamin D
Based on studies in 2011, vitamin D deficiency is common in people with psoriatic arthritis. However, vitamin D deficiency which is common in patients with psoriatic arthritis, the cause is not yet clear. Maybe this is because psoriatic arthritis patients spend a lot of time indoors, so that exposure to sunlight for the body is lacking and causes vitamin D deficiency.
But other studies say that, vitamin D levels do not seem to affect the activity of psoriatic arthritis. In a study of 10 patients taking vitamin D, there were 7 people who had decreased joint pain. But in the study there was no placebo group for comparison. There still needs to be a lot of research to prove the usefulness of vitamin D for psoriatic arthritis sufferers.

6. Vitamin K
Vitamin K is found in green leafy vegetables such as kale, spinach, broccoli, canola oil, and olives. From the results of the study it was said that, the low vitamin K level was associated with more severe osteoarthritis in the group consisting of nearly 700 patients. But it is unclear if vitamin K can help osteoarthritis, arthritis, and psoriatis. But it doesn’t hurt to eat vegetables that have enough green

7. L-Carnitine
L-carnitine comes from amino acids, carnitineterlibat in fat metabolism and is found in almost all body cells. Healthy noodles generally produce enough carnitine from the body itself, and carnitine is not considered an essential nutrient.

8. Vitamin B12
From the results of the study it was said that vitamin B12 deficiency was more common in people with psoriatic arthritis compared to people who did not suffer from the disease. “But like vitamin D, vitamin B12 doesn’t seem to be the main treatment choice,” Dr. Fiocco. Vitamin B12 is commonly found in shellfish, fish, cereals and yougurt.

9. Chinese traditional medicine
Certain herbs used in Chinese medicine have shown some benefits in people with arthritis. For example, the plant extract of Tripterygium wilfordii (TwHF) is thought to have an anti-inflammatory effect. One study conducted by the National Institutes of Health found that, patients taking TwHF along with steroids and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) were no better than patients who took the drug Azulfidine (sulfasalazine) with steroids and NSAIDs.

Overall, though Dr. Fiocco also felt that the effects of 9 natural treatments for psoriatic arthritis were not too satisfying, but there was nothing wrong with just reducing the symptoms caused by psoriatic arthritis.